*NS – back to editorial*62 Dog Breeds That Start With C: Pictures, Facts & History

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Blenheim dog

Many dog breeds begin with the letter C, and you’ll see quite a variety! From small to giant and from curly coats to straight coats, we have 62 breeds here for you to meet.

We included recognized purebred dogs, along with well-known and not-so-well-known mixed breeds.


The 62 Dog Breeds That Start With C

1. Cairn Terrier

cairn terrier
Image Credit: hazelw90, Pixabay

These small, feisty terriers originated in Scotland and were bred to rout out pests like rats from cairns, which are mounds of stones used to mark graves or boundaries.

2. Canaan Dog

Canaan dog
Image Credit: Yousefsh, Shutterstock

The Canaan is an ancient breed from Israel and Lebanon and parts of the bordering countries. They have been used for multiple jobs, including work as sentry, service, and messenger dogs, as well as guide and service dogs.

3. Canadian Inuit Dog

Canadian Eskimo or Canadian Inuit Dog
Image Credit: Karen Appleby, Shutterstock

The Canadian Inuit Dog was originally called the Canadian Eskimo Dog, but the Government of Nunavut changed the name, and they are the official dog of the Nunavut.

These dogs have been used for hundreds of years for pulling sleds for the Inuit but unfortunately, are now fairly rare.

4. Cane Corso

Cane corso sitting on the ground
Image Credit: Jaromir Chalabala, Shutterstock

The Cane Corso (pronounced KAH-nay KOR-so) is essentially an Italian Mastiff. They were used initially as fighters in wars but eventually helped out with guarding, hunting, livestock droving, and guarding.

5. Canis Panther

canis panther walking
Image Credit: Bill Anastasiou, Shutterstock

The Canis Panther is technically a mixed breed, but they currently have established bloodlines and could be considered purebred. They were bred from Doberman Pinschers, black Labradors, Staffordshire Terriers, and black Great Danes.

6. Caravan Hound

caravan hound
Image Credit: Pixabay

The Caravan Hound is native to India and has primarily been used for hunting as sighthounds and for guarding their families.

7. Cardigan Welsh Corgi

cardigan welsh corgi puppy
Image Credit: Liliya Kulianionak, Shutterstock

This Corgi came from Cardiganshire, Wales, centuries ago in medieval times and was used as a herding dog. They are a separate breed from the more popular Pembroke Corgi.

8. Carolina Dog

A happy Carolina Dog
Image Credit: Steve McDonald, Shutterstock

The Carolina Dog is indigenous to the United States and is a rare breed that has not been domesticated for long. They originated in the Southeastern U.S. and were feral for centuries.

9. Carpathian Sheepdog

Carpathian sheepdog
Image Credit: crydo, Shutterstock

The Carpathian Sheepdog comes from the Carpathian Mountains. They are also known as the Romanian Carpathian Shepherd and are a giant breed used for guarding livestock in the mountains.

10. Catahoula Leopard Dog

Catahoula Leopard Dog
Image Credit: SarahBriley, Pixabay

These dogs are native to the United States, specifically Louisiana. They were bred to herd and work with livestock and are definitely one of the more eye-catching dogs out there!

11. Catalan Sheepdog

Catalan Sheepdog outdoors
Image Credit: Anne Zwagers, Shutterstock

Catalan Sheepdogs were brought to Spain by the Romans, where they were used for sheep herding in the Catalonia region. They make excellent family dogs due to their affectionate and friendly disposition.

12. Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Caucasian Shepherd dog
Image Credit: DragoNika, Shutterstock

These giant breed dogs come from the Caucasus region of Europe and Asia. They were bred to look after flocks of sheep and guard their family’s home.

13. Cava-Tzu

Image Credit: Courtney Cook, Pixabay

This mixed breed combines the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel with the Shih Tzu. These dogs are affectionate family dogs and tend to get along with just about everyone. They’re excellent lap dogs!

14. Cavachon

Image Credit: BCCWM, Shutterstock

This mixed breed has the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel as one parent and the Bichon Frise as the other. They are lap dogs that make sweet and affectionate family pets.

15. Cavador

Close up of standing Cavador puppy sticking his head through the fence
Image Credit: Dee Dalasio, Shutterstock

The Cavador is a cross of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel with the Labrador Retriever. Since both parents are known for being sweet and friendly dogs, you can expect the same from their offspring.

16. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

red harired Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog close up
Image Credit: MiSt21, Shutterstock

The name of this breed is a big clue that they are royal dogs and have been companions for British royalty since the 1600s. They are commonly crossed with various other dogs for mixed breeds because they are so sweet and loving.

17. Cavapom

Part Cavalier King Charles and Pomeranian
Image Credit: AG’s photos, Shutterstock

The mix has the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel as one parent and the Pomeranian as the other. This breed is lively and outgoing, with the characteristically sweet nature of the Cavalier.

18. Cavapoo

Image Credit: Steven B Gold, Shutterstock

This mixed breed features the Cavalier and the Poodle. Since Poodles are small to large in size, Cavapoos can be a variety of sizes, but all are loyal and affectionate dogs.

19. Central Asian Shepherd Dog

Central Asian Shepherd Dog_Nikolai Tsvetkov, Shutterstock
Image Credit: Nikolai Tsvetkov, Shutterstock

These dogs are thought to be among the oldest breeds, believed to have been around for over 5,000 years! They are guardians of property and their people and are quite independent and confident dogs.

20. Cesky Terrier

Cesky terrier
Image Credit: Dora Zett, Shutterstock

This terrier came from Czechoslovakia around the time of World War II. The Cesky (pronounced CHESS-key) was bred for typical terrier work to dig out rats but also to hunt bigger game in packs. They are laidback, clever, and great for families.

21. Chamuco


The Chamuco is a rare, medium-sized dog that is also called the Mexican Pitbull. They are thought to be a cross of the American Staffordshire Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, the Mexican Bulldog, and likely others. They are loyal and loving with their family but incredibly protective.

22. Cheagle

Cheagle lying on grass
Image Credit: Danae Abreu, Shutterstock

This mixed breed is a cross of the Beagle and Chihuahua and is affectionate and playful. Their personality depends on which parent they take after most. Beagles love other dogs and Chihuahuas less so, so it can go either way with the Cheagle.

22. Cheeks

Cheeks Pekingese Chihuahua Mix
Image Credit: R-D-S, Shutterstock

The Cheeks is a mix of the Chihuahua and Pekingese. They are devoted and loving and make excellent lap and family dogs, albeit with older children.

24. Cheenese


The Havanese and Chihuahua contribute to the Cheenese. These dogs are intelligent, loyal, and eager to please, but they also have an independent streak and can be a challenge to train at times.

25. Chesapeake Bay Retriever

male Chesapeake Bay Retriever outdoor
Image Credit: MH STOCK, Shutterstock

The Chesapeake Bay Retriever originated in the U.S., specifically from around the Chesapeake Bay, as you can gather from their name. They were bred to retrieve ducks for hunters and are affectionate and sensitive dogs.

26. Chi Chi

Chi Chi
Image Credit: Eric Isselee, Shutterstock

The Chihuahua and Chinese Crested contribute to the Chi Chi, which is an energetic and alert mixed breed. They love their people and tend to be fairly yappy, so beware if you live next door to someone who won’t appreciate that!

27. Chi-Poo

grey chi-poo_Annette Shaff, Shutterstock
Image Credit: Annette Shaff, Shutterstock

The Chi-Poo has Chihuahua and Poodle genes, so they will have curly coats and be playful and loving. They are also quite energetic and lively and can live in apartments and condos.

28. Chihuahua

Cute brown Chihuahua running inn the grass
Image Credit: anetapics, Shutterstock

The famous Chihuahua hails from Mexico, where they were named for the state of Chihuahua. Their ancestors go back hundreds of years, but the Chihuahua as we know them was discovered in the mid-1800s.

29. Chilier

A black Chilier looking up
Image Credit: Claudiu Alin, Shutterstock

The Chilier is a mix of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Chihuahua. These dogs are outgoing, sweet, and wonderful for families.

30. Chimatian

Image Credit: Mandy Coy, Shutterstock

The Chihuahua mixed breed has the Dalmatian as their other parent. These dogs are spunky, high energy, and loving, but they tend to be overprotective of their family.

31. Chinese Crested

chinese crested dog lying on owners lap
Image Credit: Galina-Photo, Shutterstock

The Chinese Crested is a purebred, partially hairless dog. They have hair on their tail and legs and sport a mane. These dogs were brought on Chinese trading vessels to dispatch shipboard rats. They are affectionate, lively, and alert.

32. Chinese Shar-Pei

Chinese Shar-pei puppy on the grass
Image Credit: Waldemar Dabrowski, Shutterstock

Famous for their wrinkled skin, the Chinese Shar-Pei is an ancient breed going back over 2,000 years and was used for hunting, herding, and guarding. They are calm dogs that are loyal and independent.

33. Chinook

Chinook dog in snow
Image Credit: Igor Plotnikov, Shutterstock

The Chinook originated in New Hampshire in the United States. They were bred using Mastiff-type dogs and Huskies for their sledding abilities. They are smart, patient, and affectionate.

34. Chipit

Pit-bull Chihuahua Mixed Breed Dog_mizkitty_shutterstock
Image Credit: MizKitty, Shutterstock, Shutterstock

The Chipit is a combination of the Chihuahua and American Pit Bull Terrier. They are sweet and friendly but might have issues with other dogs.

35. Chippiparai

chippiparai dog standing on grass
Image Credit: Aarus_LensTrends, Shutterstock

The Chippiparai is a sleek sighthound from India that is unfortunately quite rare. They were originally bred for royal families and were used for hunting. Eventually, they were used for guarding and dog racing.

36. Chiweenie

Image Credit: Jaclyn Vernace, Shutterstock

This Chihuahua mixed dog is bred with the Dachshund. They are loving and devoted to the family but are also known to be quite vocal and make great watchdogs, as they are always on alert.

37. Chorkie

Chorkie_Ian McGlasham, Shutterstock
Image Credit: Ian McGlasham, Shutterstock

The Chihuahua was bred with the Yorkshire Terrier to make this mixed breed. They typically look like long-haired Chihuahuas and are lively and active little dogs. They can also be fairly vocal and are quite loving with their families.

38. Chow Chow

two chow chow dogs running on grass
Image Credit: Bianca Grueneberg, Shutterstock

Known for their distinctive blue-black tongue, the Chow Chows is an ancient breed from China that possibly goes back to 206 B.C.

They were companions to Chinese nobility, hunters, haulers, and guarders. Chow Chows are dignified, bright, and serious work dogs.

39. Chow Pei

Chow Pei
Image Credit: Alexeysun, Shutterstock

Combining the two Chinese breeds of the Chow Chow and Shar-Pei gives us the Chow Pei. These dogs are wrinkled and fluffy, and they tend to be independent, aloof, and wary of strangers. But they are affectionate with their families.

40. Chug

Chug dog in white background
Image Credit: Eric Isselee, Shutterstock

A Chihuahua mixed with a Pug gives us the aptly named Chug. These are great little lap dogs that are playful and cuddly, but like most dog breeds with Chihuahua blood, they are prone to a great deal of barking.

41. Chusky

Image Credit: Dolores M Harvey, Shutterstock

This breed has Husky in the mix, along with the Chow Chow. They can be stubborn, affectionate, and quite intelligent and tend to be protective of their people.

42. Chussel


This Chihuahua mix has the Brussels Griffon as their other parent. The Chussel is quite playful and energetic but can also be stubborn and wary of strangers.

43. Cirneco dell-Etna

Cirneco dell’Etna
Image Credit: otsphoto, Shutterstock

The Cirneco (pronounced cheer-NEK-o) is an ancient breed from Sicily whose ancestors were discovered at least over 3,000 years ago. They are sighthounds used for hunting, and they are affectionate and friendly but independent dogs.

44. Clumber Spaniel

Clumber Spaniel
Image Credit: Lenkadan, Shutterstock

The Clumber Spaniel goes back to the 18th century in Nottinghamshire, England, where a duke wanted a burly spaniel for his estate of Clumber Park. These dogs are charming and mellow dogs that can be both dignified and amusing.

45. Cock-a-Tzu

Cock-a-Tzu Breed
Image Credit: Laura Cruise, Shutterstock

The Shih-Tzu and the Cocker Spaniel are responsible for the adorable Cock-a-Tzu. They are sweet and friendly dogs that are also smart, playful, and loyal.

46. Cockalier

Cockalier on dock
Image Credit: Angela Holmyard, Shutterstock

When you put together the sweetest spaniels, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel, you’ll have yourself the absolute sweetest dog with the Cockalier. They are loving, loyal, and eager to please.

47. Cockapoo

cockapoo outdoors wearing a lamb haircut
Image Credit: MT.PHOTOSTOCK, Shutterstock

The Cockapoo is a popular mixed breed, with the Cocker Spaniel and Poodle for their parents. These dogs are energetic, active, intelligent, and loving.

48. Cocker Spaniel

american cocker spaniel puppy dog sitting on grass outdoors
Image Credit: Eudyptula, Shutterstock

It’s believed the Cocker Spaniel originally came from Spain and was used for hunting birds even before rifles were developed. They were named “Cocker” because they specialized in the woodcock. They are happy, friendly, wonderful family dogs.

49. Cockinese


The Cockinese is an adorable mix of the Pekingese and Cocker Spaniel. They are energetic, playful, friendly, and a bit stubborn at times.

50. Cojack


The Jack Russel Terrier combined with the Pembroke Welsh Corgi gives us the Cojack. They are energetic, lively, affectionate, and devoted. They make excellent family dogs.

51. Collie

border collie dog ready to jump high to catch flying disk
Image Credit: olgagorovenko, Shutterstock

The gorgeous Collie came from Scotland as long ago as 2,000 years ago. But it was Queen Victoria who brought them into the limelight as a herding dog. Collies are loyal, intelligent, and loving.

52. Corgidor

Image Credit: MonikaLiga, Shutterstock

The Corgidor is a mix of Labrador Retriever and Corgi. They have the Lab’s energy and the Corgi’s affection and make excellent family dogs. They particularly love spending time with children.

53. Corgipoo


The Corgi and Poodle give us the mixed breed, Corgipoo. These dogs are playful, outgoing, and intelligent, which can lead to mischievousness. The Corgipoo loves to spend time with their families and appreciate any attention.

54. Corgsky


The Corgi and Husky lead to the Corgsky, which isn’t a common mixed breed. They are quite friendly and good-natured, and since they are eager to please, they aren’t that difficult to train.

55. Corkie

Corkie with crown_Oksamutnaya_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Oksamutnaya, Shutterstock

The Corkie is the offspring of the Cocker Spaniel and the Yorkshire Terrier and isn’t that common. They are obedient and playful dogs that are sweet and laidback.

56. Corman Shepherd

corman shepherd
Image Credit: Veronica Varos, Shutterstock

When you breed a German Shepherd with a Corgi, you get the Corman Shepherd. They are protective, devoted, friendly, playful, and a little mischievous.

57. Coton de Tulear

coton de tulear dog sitting on grass
Image Credit: chica_de_tulear, Pixabay

Hailing from Madagascar, Coton de Tulear are purebred dogs that started as companions meant only for aristocrats as lapdogs. They are good-natured, charming, and bright.

58. Cotonese

Cotonese dog in the city pavement
Image Credit: Gusztav Bartfai, Shutterstock

When you mix the Maltese with the Coton de Tulear, you end up with the Cotonese. Since both parent breeds are small white dogs, the Cotonese will also be white. They get attached to their family and are energetic and loving.

59. Cretan Hound

Cretan Hound
Image Credit: Sydney Rae, Unsplash

The Cretan Hound has been around for at least 3,500 years and originated on the island of Crete in Greece, where they were used as hunting dogs. Although they are purebred, they are not recognized by the American Kennel Club.

60. Croatian Sheepdog

Croatian Sheepdog standing on grass
Image Credit: Damir Kutlesa, Shutterstock

This breed is from Croatia and was used as a sheep and cattle dog. Records for Croatian Sheepdogs go back to at least 1374. These beautiful dogs are intelligent, alert, loyal, and energetic.

61. Curly-Coated Retriever

curly coated retriever dog outdoors
Image Credit: otsphoto, Shutterstock

These dogs originated in England and are believed to be the oldest of the retrievers. They look like Labs, with the exception of their curly coats. They are highly intelligent, confident, and gentle.

62. Czechoslovakian Vlcak

Credit: VIVIANE6276, Pixabay

The Czechoslovakian Vlcak is known as a wolfdog for good reason. A German Shepherd was crossed with a Carpathian Wolf in 1955 successfully. By 1982, this breed was recognized as a national breed. They are loyal, active, and highly intelligent.

Featured Image Credit: Mark Prytherch, Shutterstock

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